Math operations

Remarks

Numbers in scientific (exponential) notation

For example - Double.Parse():

$([System.Double]::Parse('1,19E+7'))
$([System.Double]::Parse('1.19E+7')) - Fail: The expression "[System.Double]::Parse(1.19E+7)" cannot be evaluated. Input string was not in a correct format.

To avoid error above (for your selected culture) you can use, for example:

$([System.Double]::Parse('1.19E+7', '$([System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::GetCultureInfo("en-US"))'))
$([System.Double]::Parse('1.19E+7', '$([System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentUICulture)'))
$([System.Double]::Parse('1.19E+7', '$([System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentUICulture.NumberFormat)'))
$([System.Double]::Parse('1.19E+7', $$([System.Globalization.CultureInfo]::CurrentUICulture)))
...

Difference between quotes. Exponential notation problem.

All data inside double quotes ".." will be evaluated manually (standard moving: upward from deepest). All data inside single quotes '..' is not processed and will be entirely sent into engine for single final evaluation.

What it means, for example:

    $([MSBuild]::Multiply("$([System.Math]::Log(2))", 16)) -> 1,10903548889591E+16
    \                     \_(1) 0,693147180559945_/
    \_______________(2)__________________________________/


    $([MSBuild]::Multiply('$([System.Math]::Log(2))', 16)) -> 11,0903548889591
    \______________________(1)___________________________/

$([System.Math]::Exp(1.10903548889591E+16)) =$([System.Math]::Exp(11.0903548889591)) = 65535,9999999983

Other samples:

Expression Evaluated value
$([System.Math]::Log(2)) 0,693147180559945
$([MSBuild]::Multiply('$([System.Math]::Log(2))', 16)) 11,0903548889591
$([System.Math]::Exp('$([MSBuild]::Multiply($([System.Math]::Log(2)), 16))')) 65536
$([System.Math]::Exp($([MSBuild]::Multiply('$([System.Math]::Log(10))', 4)))) 
= 9999.99999999997

$([System.Math]::Exp($([MSBuild]::Multiply($([System.Math]::Log(10)), 4)))) 
= 10000.0000000002

$([System.Math]::Exp('$([MSBuild]::Multiply($([System.Math]::Log(10)), 4))')) 
= 10000
#[$(
    [System.Math]::Exp('$(
        [MSBuild]::Multiply(
            $([System.Math]::Log(10)), 
            4
        ))'
    )
)]
= 10000
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Add()

$(number = $([MSBuild]::Add(1024, 12)))
$(number = $([MSBuild]::Add($(number), 1)))

v0.12.8+ Contains syntactic sugar += for this important operation, e.g.: $(i += 1)

Subtract()

$(number = $([MSBuild]::Subtract(1024, 12)))
$(number = $([MSBuild]::Subtract($(number), 1)))

v0.12.8+ Contains syntactic sugar -= for this important operation, e.g.: $(i -= 1)

Min / Max

  • 0 - n & n - 18:
$([System.Math]::Max(0, $(n)))
$([System.Math]::Min($(n), 18))
  • n - m (min(max($(n), $(val)), $(m))):
$([System.Math]::Min( $([System.Math]::Max( $(n), $(val) )), $(m) ))

For errors: Fail: Value was either too large or too small for a ... you should provide a correct type for specific methods:

int Min(int val1, int val2);
decimal Min(decimal val1, decimal val2);
double Min(double val1, double val2);
float Min(float val1, float val2);
ulong Min(ulong val1, ulong val2);
long Min(long val1, long val2);
...

i.e.: you can try like this:

$([System.Math]::Min('$([System.Math]::Max($([System.Int32]::Parse($(n))), $([System.Int32]::Parse($(val)))))', '$([System.Int32]::Parse($(m)))'))

etc.

Bit mask

Set

$(mask = 0)

$(mask = $([MSBuild]::BitwiseOr($(mask), 1)))
$(mask = $([MSBuild]::BitwiseOr($(mask), 4)))
$(mask = $([MSBuild]::BitwiseOr($(mask), 8)))

$(maskString = $([System.Convert]::ToString('$([System.Convert]::ToInt32($(mask)))', 2)))

Result: 1101

Check

#[$(v = 2)]

#[( $([MSBuild]::BitwiseAnd($(mask), $(v))) != 0 ){ 
    "$(v)" is defined in the mask($(maskString)) 
}
else{ 
    "$(v)" is not defined in the mask($(maskString))
}]

"2" is not defined in the mask(1101)

Samples

The numbers of modulo

  • 0 - 99:
$([MSBuild]::Modulo($(num), 100))
0, 1, 2, 3, 4 ... 98, 99, 0, 1, 2 ...
  • n - m (e.g. 10 - 99):

Same as above, only use limit like: = (val % (max - min)) + min

#[$(
    [MSBuild]::Add(
        $(minrev), 
        $([MSBuild]::Modulo(
            $(num), 
            $([MSBuild]::Subtract(
                $(maxrev), 
                $(minrev)
             ))
         ))
    )
)]
10, 11, 12, ... 98, 99, 10, 11, 12 ...

Raise number to the specified power

$([System.Math]::Pow(10, 4)) 
= 10000

or via exp:

$([System.Math]::Exp('$([MSBuild]::Multiply($([System.Math]::Log(10)), 4))'))
= 10000

References

MSBuild Property Functions - you can use any static method or property of these system classes: